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TASC 2017-06 | Daytrading With Night Volume (D'Errico)

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Traders' Tip text

In June 2017 issue of the Stocks & Commodities magazine, Domenico D'Errico shares a method that can give an insight about the possible dynamics of a futures trading session – ahead of it.

Image

Figure 1. On the chart of ES, the night session is colored in black, the first hour of trading is in red, the remaining main trading session is in blue, and the session from 15:15 pm to midnight is in gray. The subchart plots the cumulative night volume as histogram and its five-day moving average (red line).

Use “parameter slider” at the bottom to adjust the number of sessions to average the nightly volume.

Although the C# code that implements his "Night and Day" breakout strategy can be copied into Wealth-Lab 6, for your simplicity we recommend to download it straight from the application's "Open Strategy" dialog. We hope that this strategy becomes a good addition to the trader's arsenal:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Drawing;
using WealthLab;
using WealthLab.Indicators;
using System.Linq;
using System.Globalization;

namespace WealthLab.Strategies { public class NightAndDayStrategy : WealthScript { private int GetTime(int bar) { return Date[bar].Hour * 100 + Date[bar].Minute; } private string NumberAsK(double volume) { return volume.ToString("#,##0,K", CultureInfo.InvariantCulture); } private StrategyParameter paramAverageNights;

public NightAndDayStrategy() { paramAverageNights = CreateParameter("Avg. Nights", 5, 1, 20, 1); }

protected override void Execute() { if ( Bars.IsIntraday ) { // Variables int firstHourStart = -1, firstHourEnd = -1, average = paramAverageNights.ValueInt; double firstHourRangeHigh = 0, firstHourRangeLow = 0; var aNightVolume = new DataSeries(Bars,"Average Night Volume"); var cNightVolume = new DataSeries(Bars,"Cumulative Night Volume"); var ls = LineStyle.Solid; var lstVolumes = new List<double>(); // holds cumulative volume for each session bool canTrade = false; Font font = new Font("Verdana",10,FontStyle.Bold);

// Plotting HideVolume(); ChartPane cvPane = CreatePane(20,false,false); PlotSeries(cvPane,cNightVolume,Color.Brown,LineStyle.Histogram,2); PlotSeries(cvPane,aNightVolume,Color.Red,ls,2);

for(int bar = GetTradingLoopStartBar(1); bar < Bars.Count; bar++) { // Save current time into variable to avoid repeated function calls int t = GetTime(bar); // Volatility bias is night volume is not lower than the night volume average of the last N days bool volatilityBias = false;

// Propagate average night volume if( aNightVolume[bar] == 0 ) aNightVolume[bar] = aNightVolume[bar - 1]; // Aftermarket if( (t > 1515) && (t <= 2359) ) SetBarColor( bar, Color.Silver ); // Night session if( (t >= 0000) && (t <= 0830) ) { SetBarColor( bar, Color.Black ); // Reset night volume if(t == 0000) cNightVolume[bar] = 0; else cNightVolume[bar] = cNightVolume[bar-1]; // Cumulate night volume series cNightVolume[bar] += Volume[bar]; if(t == 0830) { firstHourStart = bar; lstVolumes.Add(cNightVolume[bar]); } } // First hour if( (t > 0830) && (t <= 0930) ) { // Average nightly volume for last N sessions var avgNightlyVolume = lstVolumes.Skip(Math.Max(0, lstVolumes.Count() - average)).Sum() / (double)average; aNightVolume[bar] = avgNightlyVolume; // Volatility filter volatilityBias = avgNightlyVolume > cNightVolume[firstHourStart] ? false : true; SetBarColor( bar, Color.Red ); if(t == 0930) firstHourEnd = bar; if( (firstHourStart > -1) && (firstHourEnd > -1) ) { if( bar == firstHourEnd ) // get the highest high and the lowest low after first hour { // First hour range firstHourRangeHigh = Highest.Value(bar, High, firstHourEnd-firstHourStart ); firstHourRangeLow = Lowest.Value(bar, Low, firstHourEnd-firstHourStart ); DrawLine( PricePane, firstHourStart, firstHourRangeHigh, firstHourEnd, firstHourRangeHigh, Color.Blue, ls, 2 ); DrawLine( PricePane, firstHourStart, firstHourRangeLow, firstHourEnd, firstHourRangeLow, Color.Red, ls, 2 );

AnnotateBar("Volatility bias: " + volatilityBias.ToString(),bar,true, Color.Blue,Color.Transparent,font); AnnotateBar("Avg.Vol: " + NumberAsK(avgNightlyVolume) + ", Cum.Vol: " + NumberAsK(cNightVolume[firstHourStart]), bar,true, Color.Blue,Color.Transparent,font); // Minimum required trading sessions bool calculationIsValid = lstVolumes.Count >= average; // Can only trade between 9:30 and 15:15 if volatility bias is high if( volatilityBias && calculationIsValid ) canTrade = true; } } } // Main session if( (t > 0930) && (t <= 1515) ) SetBarColor( bar, Color.Blue ); // Reset trading condition until new session if( t > 1515 ) canTrade = false; // Trading if( IsLastPositionActive ) { Position p = LastPosition; // Exit at 15:15 if( ( t >= 1515) ) ExitAtMarket( bar+1, p, "15:15" ); } else { // Take trades if volatility bias is positive and time is OK if( canTrade ) { if( BuyAtStop(bar+1, firstHourRangeHigh + 0.01, volatilityBias.ToString() ) == null ) ShortAtStop(bar+1, firstHourRangeLow - 0.01, volatilityBias.ToString() ); } } } } else { DrawLabel( PricePane, "Works on intraday data only!", Color.Red ); } } } }

Eugene (Gene Geren)
Wealth-Lab team
www.wealth-lab.com

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Used under license from FMR Corp. Copyright 2008 FMR Corp. All rights reserved.


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